The Hobbit, or There and Back Again by British author J. R. R. Tolkien, is an important and much-acclaimed children’s high-fantasy novel.
It was printed and distributed on September 21, 1937, with great public and critical success. The book was nominated for the The New York Herald and Carnegie Medal prizes.
Recognized as a children’s, and general, classic in literature, the book remains popular.
The story is set in a fantasy middle-ages time-period and follows the quest of a straightforward and bucolic hobbit, Bilbo Baggins to gain a share of the treasure safeguarded by Smaug, the dragon.
Bilbo’s journey takes him from a light-hearted home in a rural area into more fantastic and sinister territory.
Tolkien tells the story in the form of an episodic adventure, and most sections introduce a particular creature or type of creature of Tolkien’s Imaginarium.
Bilbo follows a character growth path, gaining maturity, competence, and wisdom after accepting the shabby, daring, eccentric, and brave sides of his essence and by applying his wits and common sense to help solve the quests that come on the way.
The story comes to its climax in the Battle of the Five Armies, where several the creatures and characters from prior sections reappear to join in the conflict.
Self-growth, heroism, and warfare motifs are fundamental themes of the narrative that was much influenced by Tolkien’s experiences during World War I. The author’s expert knowledge of Germanic philology and interest in fairy tales were also important issues.
The incredible success of the book, including the adult readers, made the publisher encourage and ask Tolkien for a sequel: The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The author had to make new and significant retrospective accommodations for it in The Hobbit’s second and further editions.
Since then, the piece has always been available. Its continuing legacy encompasses many adaptations for radio, stage, screen, and games; Many of which received high recognition on their own merits.
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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was a British writer, poet, WWI veteran, philologist, and university professor, best known for the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. (read mini-bio)