King Lear book review

This King Lear book review tries to fit the classical structure of this play into the model that we’ve been using on Books Crier. Read on!

king lear book review

 

The Work

Shakespeare’s King Lear invites us with the magnitude, intensity, and sheer duration of the pain that it pictures. Its characters harden their hearts, engage in violence, or try to alleviate the affliction of others.

Lear himself rages until his rationality cracks. What, then, keeps drawing us back to King Lear? For all the force of its language, King Lear is almost equally compelling when translated, implying that it is the narrative, to a significant part, that draws us to the piece.

The story tells us about families striving between greed and cruelty, on one side, and help and comfort, on the other. Passions and sensations are incredibly magnified to large dimensions.

Furthermore, we see the elderly defined in all its weaknesses, pride, and, perhaps, wisdom. Perhaps, for this reason, this story is one of the most devastating and moving of all Shakespeare’s tragedies.

 

 

King Lear Book Cover King Lear
William Shakespeare
Classic Tragedy Play
Simon & Schuster
January 1, 2004
ebook, hardcover, paperback, MMP
384
Amazon and Goodeads
Barbara A. Mowatt (Editor), Paul Werstine (Editor)

The Book

The official edition of King Lear from The Folger Shakespeare Library, the trustworthy and widely adopted Shakespeare series for scholars and general readers, comprises:

  • Newly revised information based original versions
  • Comprehensive explanatory notes
  • Step-by-step plot reviews
  • An introduction to understanding Shakespeare
  • A modern analytical article by a top Shakespeare authority
  • Fresh images
  • A guide to further reading

 

The Review

 

Keep in mind that the main plot has the complete set of characters while the sub-plot, due to its supporting function, is a simpler one. For these reasons, the sub-plot is more centered on the conflict between its sub-protagonist and sub-antagonist

 

Archetype Distribution

character spoilers

 

Protagonist = King Lear | Edmund (sub-plot)

Lear is the central character of the main plot, the title figure, and the guy who sets the action of the story. It is his retirement that fires all of the central chaos.

Most of the other roles align themselves either

with Lear:

  • Kent
  • Gloucester
  • the Fool
  • Edgar
  • Cordelia

or against him:

  • Goneril and Regan
  • Edmund
  • Cornwall

who are clearly immoral and treacherous

 

Moreover, Lear goes through a classic (un)growing-as-a-person process.

 

In my opinion, Edmund is the protagonist of the sub-plot since it is he that pushes it forward when he decides to pull the carpet from under Gloucester and Edgar's feet.

 

Antagonist = Goneril and Regan | Edmund

 

Main Character = Cordelia | Edgar

 

King Lear os NOT the main character!

We do not see the story through his eyes. We do not agree with his actions.

Impact Character = Antagonists and King Lear

 

The central philosophical conflict in the story is

good x bad

and how strong bad can become and mess up everything for everyone, even bringing madness or blindness to people.

 

Guardian = Kent (physical), The Fool (mind)

Contagonist - Albany and Cornwall, and OswaldEdmund

 

Sidekick = Kent and Gloucester (to Lear);

Skeptic= Lear and Gloucester| Gloucester

 

Emotion = King Lear

Reason = Regan

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Dramatic Structure

King Lear's structure follows a classic five-part*  paradigm inherited from old Aristotelean times. We will try to fit the story into our dramatic structure model used in this website.

* formerly called acts, but renamed here to avoid conflict or confusion

The play has a sub-plot that runs parallel to, and interacts with the main plot but is presented with a little time mismatch of convenience so we can establish the link between them. The analysis will be done step-by-step with those plots "side-by-side".

 

Let's see what we can come up with.

 

Act 1

 

The first part is the Exposition, or Presentation phase, the segment of the play which introduces the Ordinary World and important characters.

 

It is Archaic Britain, just before Christianity.

King Lear is getting old, has three daughters, and no male heir.

Gloucester despises his bastard son, Edmund.

 

Trigger

 

This part presents the conflicts and actions that become a major trouble for the protagonist to solve.

It's is curious to mention that, in my opinion, in this story, it is not the Antagonist that sets off the trigger, but, in fact, King Lear, the Protagonist, himself

The segment establishes the main areas of conflict which will drive the story forward.

 

Without a Prince to succeed him, King Lear decides to split the kingdom among his daughters to avoid any conflicts after his death.

 

The trigger places struggles between:

 

  • Lear x Cordelia, who is honest, uncompromising
  • Lear x Goneril and Regan, his other two daughters, who are vicious
  • Cornwall and Edgar x Edmund wants to take their place and power

 

Act 2

 

This act usually is a longer segment that presents the rising action phase where a series of tests and complications build up to:

  • crisis
  • recounting and/or preparation
  • climax

(A sequence of plot sections)

 

Here we witness the increasing action as the first conflicts develop.

  • Lear increasingly loses the respect from his people, as well as his power.
  • We see a gap open up between the King and, Goneril and Regan.
  • The subplot, centered on Gloucester, and his sons, also develops.

At the same time, this part marks the beginning of a conspiracy orchestrated by Edmund, Goneril, and Regan, now associated villains of the stories.

 

Crisis

O moment of crisis, or near=deth for the Protagonist usually happens at this point

spoilers

King Lear’s central section is the peak sequence, where the action reaches a turning point and when the major crisis occurs.

The height of this play could hardly make a bigger dramatic effect. It centers on a violent storm for Lear. An enormous physical impact represents a turmoil that rages his mind into madness.

The Gloucester subplot also reaches its peak when cruel Cornwall and Regan make The Earl blind in a torture session.

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Mid-Point

Mid-point is a position in the story that brings enlightenment to the crisis and gives the protagonist new energy to continue his journey.

spoilers

The recovery sequence begins as King Lear moves towards its resolution.

Edgar (still disguised) reunites with Gloucester and Cordelia returns to Lear.

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Act 3
Recount/Preparation

spoilers

The King also begins to recover his sanity. Amongst the elements which suggest that the story may be moving towards a good-triumphing-over-evil happy ending are the deaths of Cornwall and Oswald.

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Climax

spoilers

Ultimately, however, these signs of a more just world only serve to heighten the catastrophe that unfolds as we move into this section.

The play concludes with a resolution to the various conflicts but not in any way which suggests a simple moral resolution.

The ‘evil’ characters (Goneril, Regan, Edmund) all die but so do Lear and Cordelia establishing the tragic aspect of the story

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Act 4

spoilers

The play ends with Edgar as he is the one chosen to restore peace to the kingdom.

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One thought on “King Lear book review

  • 2016-10-05 at 10:31 am
    Permalink

    Hello,

    I find King Lear one of the most important stories to understand the parallel plots. There is a great movie version of that takes place in the old west. The actor is Patrick Strewart. Quite good indeed.
    Thanks for the great post.

    Reply
    • 2016-10-05 at 10:49 am
      Permalink

      Hello, Loney,

      Thanks for sharing. I saw that movie. I liked it too. Cheers!

      Reply

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